VOC Sampling in Homes and Buildings
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are emitted as gasses from certain solids or liquids. VOCs include a variety of chemicals, some of which may have short- and long-term adverse health effects. Some are harmful by themselves, including some that cause cancer. In addition, they can react with other gasses and form other air pollutants after they are in the air.
Concentrations of many VOCs are consistently higher indoors than outdoors and are emitted by a wide array of products numbering in the thousands.
Organic chemicals are widely used as ingredients in household products such as paints, varnishes, and wax as do many cleaning, disinfecting cosmetics, degreasing, and hobby products.
Also, levels of about a dozen common organic pollutants are 2 to 5 times higher inside homes than outside, regardless if the home or building is located in rural or highly industrial areas.
VOCs Indoor Sources
- Paint, paint strippers.
- Varnishes and finishes.
- Caulks and sealants.
- Flooring, carpet, pressed wood products.
Home & personal care products:
- Cleaners and disinfectants
- Air fresheners.
- Cosmetics and deodorants.
- Fuel oil, gasoline.
- Tobacco smoke
- Dry-cleaned clothing
- Arts and crafts products: glues, permanent markers, etc.
- Wood burning stoves
- Office printers and copiers
- Avoid or limit the use of products with high VOCs
- Always follow manufacturers’ directions when using products with VOCs.
- Keep all buildings smoke-free. Tobacco smoke contains VOCs among other carcinogens.
- Add ventilation when using products with VOCs indoors.
- Increasing the amount of fresh air will help reduce the concentration of VOCs indoors.
- Let new carpet or new building products air outside to release VOCs before installing them.
- Don’t store products with VOCs indoors, including in garages connected to the building.
- Keep office or school ventilation systems working effectively to reduce VOCs produced by printers or copiers.
VOCs And Health Impact
Breathing VOCs can irritate the eyes, nose, and throat. They can cause difficulty breathing, nausea and can damage the central nervous system as well as other organs.
Some VOCs can cause cancer but not all have all these health effects. The ability of organic chemicals to cause health effects varies greatly from those that are highly sensitive to those with no known health effects.
Key signs or symptoms of VOCs exposure:
- conjunctival irritation
- nose and throat discomfort
- allergic skin reaction
- declines in serum cholinesterase levels
VOC SAMPLING FAQ
” Volatile organic compounds (VOC) means any compound of carbon, excluding carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides or carbonates, and ammonium carbonate, which participates in atmospheric photochemical reactions.
Electrostatic air purifiers capture particulates (solid particles and liquid droplets) by using an electrically charged screen or panel. However, they cannot remove gaseous molecules like VOCs, only larger particulates such as dander, dust and mold
First, you can allow new furniture to air out in a garage or shed before bringing it into your home. Second, you can increase ventilation in rooms with new furniture and flooring.
Common examples of VOCs that may be present in our daily lives are: benzene, ethylene glycol, formaldehyde, methylene chloride, tetrachloroethylene, toluene, xylene, and 1,3-butadiene.
Generally, methods for volatile organic compounds sampling include collection of the whole air or preconcentration of samples on adsorbents.
VOCs have a variety of direct and indirect impacts on people and the environment and the main problems refer to: harmful effects on people health and on environment through toxicity; carcinogenicity and other adverse effects; the damage to materials; the tropospheric photochemical oxidant formation; stratospheric ozone
In sufficient quantities, VOCs can cause eye, nose and throat irritations, headaches, dizziness, visual disorders and memory impairment. In more extreme cases, some are known to cause cancer in animals, and some are suspected of causing cancer in humans.
The sample is then transported to the lab for analysis, and a final report is delivered in 6 business days.
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